A Cross-sectional Study of Health Status and Healthseeking Behavior among Nursing Students in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Mumbai, India
Sujata R Lavangare, Rujuta S Hadaye, Ratnendra R Shinde
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is the vital element of health care system and nursing students are the most essential force of health care services. Nursing students are a very active group which comes in first line of contact with the patients. Nursing students are also an adolescent and young adult group and hence, has to be given more attention with regard to their dietary habits, health status, and behavioral development. OBJECTIVES: â€¢ To assess the health status, sociodemographic determinants, and the health-seeking behavior among nursing students. â€¢ To study the association of dietary habits with occurrence of anemia in nursing students. STUDY DESIGN: The present study is a descriptive study, using universal sampling technique, which was conducted crosssectionally for a period of 4 months after ethics committee approval on the nursing students of the school of nursing in a tertiary hospital which imparts teaching in Mumbai. The total number of nursing students of first-, second-, and third-year batch was 280. Since five out of them did not consent to participate in the study, the sample size was 275. RESULTS: All 275 study participants were females. The participants were found to have a mean age of 19.76 years (Â±standard deviation of 1.36). As per the modified BG Prasad socioeconomic scale (per capita income) with current price index 2017, 17.45% (48) belonged to upper class, 41.45% (114) belonged to upper middle class, 22.9% (63) belonged to middle class, 13.45% (37) were of lower middle category, and 4.72% (13) belonged to lower class. As per the body mass index (BMI), 45% of the students are underweight and 9% are obese. Almost 70% of the nursing students were found to be anemic. Majority, i.e., 257 (94%) and 189 (69%), of the nursing students refer to the same tertiary hospital, 2 (0.7%) and 52 (19%) of them take self-medications, and 14 (5%) and 23 (8.4%) of them refer to general practitioners for minor and major illness. Almost 30% of the students gave history of musculoskeletal ailments. Of them, 49 (18%) had backache, 11 (4%) of them had pain in the neck and shoulder, and 4.4% (12) had knee pain; 64 (23.3%) suffered from headache and 26.2% (72) had complaints of refractive error; 88 (32%) and 14 (5%) of the nursing students suffered from dysmenorrhea and leukorrhea. Almost 15% (41) nursing students had fatigue; 4 (1.5%) had coexisting medical problems like tuberculosis and asthma. CONCLUSION: Awareness about healthy dietary practices and faulty eating habits needs to be imparted to the students. The students need to be trained and made aware of food items rich in Iron and food items which inhibit iron absorption along with importance of balanced diet.
Health status, Hemoglobin levels, Iron deficiency anemia, Nursing students