Cardiovascular Parameters as Predictors of Cardiovascular Disease in Young Adults with Parental History of Hypertension
Amruta S Bawaskar, Neela Iyer
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN) is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in the causation of coronary heart disease, stroke, and other vascular complications. The study was conducted to measure cardiovascular parameters of young healthy adults having parental history of (h/o) HTN and to correlate cardiovascular parameters of these individuals with those of the young healthy individuals with no parental h/o HTN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 120 students from medical institute were selected. Two groups were made: control groupâ€”60 (no parental h/o HTN) and study groupâ€”60 (parental h/o of HTN). Sample design used was simple random sampling. Parameters studied were pulse rate (PR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and rate pressure product (RPP) at basal level and then after exercise, i.e., spot jogging. RESULTS: We had recorded PR, SBP, DBP, PP, MAP, RPP in both control and study groups. At basal level, immediately after exercise (spot jogging) and during recovery period, we found that the mean of basal values of PR, SBP, DBP, PP, MAP, RPP is higher in study group than in control group, and this difference is highly significant (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Basal values of various parameters are at higher side in study group than in control group. Response to mild exercise is higher in young healthy adults in study group than in control group. The findings of the present study suggest the need of monitoring the BP of children of hypertensive parents.
Cardiovascular parameters, Exercise, Hypertension.