Evaluation of Normative Grip Strength in Students of Vikhe Patil Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
Sana S Rai, Swati S Kadu, Deepak Anap
INTRODUCTION: It is widely acknowledged that grip strength provides a goal index of the functional reliability of the upper extremity. Many management protocols compare the strength of the injured limb with that of uninjured limb or evaluate with normative data of same group persons. Assessment of hand strength is of great significance for identifying impairments, establishing goals, and for information on the efficiency of interventions for patients with hand or upper extremity injuries or disabilities. Differences exist in the text over the association between hand grip strength (HGS) and body mass index (BMI). Many researchers claim a positive correlation between grip strength and BMI in both genders and all ages, while other researchers found no correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethical committee clearance was obtained. Grip strength was measured for 200 students from the Vikhe Patil Institute of Medical Sciences in the age group of 18 to 25 years satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study. Grip strength was measured using a handheld dynamometer. The BMI was calculated following the measurement of each participantâ€™s weight and height. RESULTS: Our study shows that the normative values of hand grip are 27.83 kg on the right hand and 26.74 kg on left hand of male, and normative values of hand grip of female are 19.14 kg on the right hand and 18.23 kg on the left hand. There was positive correlation of BMI with HGS. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the HGS of male is greater than that of female. The BMI shows a positive correlation with HGS in this study.
Body mass index, Grip strength, Handheld dynamometer.