Stress among Resident Doctors in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
Saket Shekhar, VM Holambe, JV Dixit
INTRODUCTION: Residency period is a stressful and overwhelming time. This has been well documented in various literatures. Factors like prolonged working hours, prolonged sleep deprivation, uncontrolled schedule, lack of social and family life, exposure to emotionally charged situations in medical emergencies are expected to be causing high level of stress. Residentâ€™s mental health is also important since it has an indirect impact on patientâ€™s treatment. The objectives of the study were to assess stress level in resident doctors in a tertiary care hospital and also to find out factors associated with high level of stress in resident doctors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design â€“ cross-sectional study; Study place â€“ Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, India; Study participants â€“ all resident doctors (95) of the medical college; Study period â€“ 1st October â€“ 31st December 2015. Perceived stress scale 10 (PSS 10) has been used to assess stress level in resident doctors, and PSS 10 is a set of 10 questions which the participant has to mark options according to last 1 month mental status. Data thus collected was entered in Microsoft Excel sheet and analyzed by IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 20.0 software using chi-square test. RESULTS: Among all residents, 42 (45.7%) were found to be having stress according to PSS 10. Stress was significantly associated with branch of postgraduation, lack of sleep, feeling of fatigue, and feeling of job dissatisfaction. Stress was not associated with gender, year of postgraduation, and marital status. CONCLUSION: This study highlights that stress is an occupational health problem among resident doctors. Fixed duty hours, counseling, and social support can be extremely helpful in reducing stress.
Perceived stress scale 10, Resident doctor, Tertiary care teaching hospital.