Prevention of Leptospirosis: The Need of the Hour
Swati Deshpande, Barsha Pathak
In recent decades, several zoonotic diseases of diverse etiologies and epidemiological trend have emerged as well as reemerged in developing and developed nations. Leptospirosis, which is known by multiple names globally like caneâ€™s cutter fever, cane field fever, harvest fever, hemorrhagic jaundice, mud fever, ratâ€™s catcher disease, ricefield workerâ€™s fever, swamp fever, swine herdâ€™s disease, Weilâ€™s disease, is one of the most commonly occurring zoonotic diseases worldwide and also shows a wide range of morbidities and high mortality rates.1 Leptospirosis which causes undifferentiated fever, especially in the tropical countries, is recognized to have epidemic potential as it has a significant impact on health of the affected people.2 Concept of â€œOne Health,â€ i.e., the correlation and interaction between ecosystems, humans and animals can be extended to recuperate our understanding of a disease and to enhance control strategies and this dynamics is excellently displayed by leptospirosis.3 The causative bacterium of leptospirosis is Leptospira interrogans widely affecting animal species, both wild and domestic, which serve as sources of infection for humans where exposure through water and soil contaminated by the urine of infected animals is the most common route of transmission to people and domestic animals.
Prevention of Leptospirosis