A Cross-sectional Study of Obesity among Second-year MBBS Students of a Medical College in Mumbai
Padmaja S Kanchi, Jatin P Kadam
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is defined as an abnormal and excessive deposition of adipose tissue to the extent that the health is adversely affected. In second year of the professional course, since the duration of the course being 1Â½ years (18 months), this is assumed and observed as well that students are more relaxed and tend to ignore their health profile to a greater extent. The general age of the students is 20 (Â± 2) years in second Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) batch. Hence, by this study we will be able to assess the nutritional status of students and will suggest measures to improve their health profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A target study group of 58 medical students of both the sexes was selected for the study. Any student not willing to give consent was excluded from the study. A predesigned and validated questionnaire was duly filled by participants with details, such as personal data, family history. Anthropometric measurements like body mass index (BMI) and waist hip ratio were also recorded. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0, and Chi-square test was applied. RESULTS: About 40.54% of female population is noted with high waist hip ratio, whereas BMI showed only 5.4% of obese female participants. Of these participants, 23.8% male patients were preobese compared with 21.6% female patients who were preobese. Also, 14.3% male participants were obese compared with 5.4% of female participants as per their BMI. CONCLUSION: Considerable amount of obesity among the female students of second year MBBS was observed. Also, we conclude that waist hip ratio is a better anthropometric indicator for obesity than BMI. The participants are advised to undergo further evaluation for obesity and undergo weight loss regimens so as to improve the quality of life.
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery students, Body mass index, Obesity, Waist hip ratio